One of the many reasons that people choose not to file for bankruptcy, even if it would benefit them greatly, is the stigma associated with it. This is truly unfortunate as it prevents individuals from seeking out the best option to address financial troubles. The stigma of filing for bankruptcy can come in the form of negative views of friends and family or it can be more concrete in the form of inability or difficulty in obtaining credit. Although the stigma of bankruptcy varies greatly and there may be some truth to it, you should carefully consider an actual cost and benefit analysis before filing for bankruptcy.
Emotional and Social Stigma
This side of the stigma does not affect your finances in any way. It purely relates to how people view you. So, if you are a person that is very concerned with what people think of you, the social stigma may matter greatly. However, you should be aware that although all of your creditors will learn of your bankruptcy filing, it is not very likely that other people will. This is because although a bankruptcy case is a public matter, most people do not go out looking to see has filed for bankruptcy. Even if people do find out about your bankruptcy, you may be surprised how understanding they may be, particularly in a rough economy.
The other aspect of the social stigma is the emotional side. What is meant by this is that some people feel bad when they do not pay their bills. So when you file for bankruptcy and stop paying many of your bills entirely, you may feel very guilty. This reaction suggests that you are a highly responsible person and are probably thinking about bankruptcy because you had no other choice and likely due to no fault of your own. This aspect of the stigma is a purely internal and personal issue that you must work out.
The financial stigma associated with bankruptcy is the aspect that can really affect you. For example, after you file for bankruptcy, your credit score will usually plummet to the lowest level possible. You will probably have more difficulty obtaining credit, such as a car loan or home loan, and when you do get credit, it will cost you more money in the form of a higher interest rate.
The financial stigma may have some benefit in that it discourages you from getting yourself into debt once again after it has been wiped out by a bankruptcy. Nevertheless, the financial stigma is not really as bad as many people are concerned about. For example, many debtors receive credit card offers right after they file for bankruptcy (albeit at high interest rates). This is because creditors are aware that under federal law, you cannot obtain another bankruptcy discharge for about 8 years!
Thinking About the Benefits Versus the Stigma
As I have stated, it is important for you to weigh the pros and cons of a bankruptcy case. In the end, many people decide that the benefits far outweigh the costs, particularly when those costs are mainly social or emotional stigmas. In thinking about your options, you should consider that the bankruptcy system was put in place by Congress as a safety net to catch all those who have fallen to the bottom of their economic lives and need a lift.
Without bankruptcy, the entire financial system could collapse. This is because there would be no "out" and if you incurred debt you would be stuck with it for life. There is no shame in putting to good use a system put in place by the government to aid those in dire economic straits.